There is an increasing expectation that the private sector will need to play an important role in delivering global nature recovery goals. However, there are currently large uncertainties associated with the processes and strategies required for actions to be effective. For example, organisations can take a range of actions across the Mitigation and Conservation Hierarchy to help deliver biodiversity outcomes, but there is a need to understand the outcomes of such actions, how these actions and outcomes will scale, and the best means of navigating trade-offs and synergies between other socio-economic and environmental goals. In addition, there is limited understanding of the overall sectoral and regulatory approaches which can best promote effective and equitable action by large organisations.

In this work package, we hope to help inform effective, equitable, scalable, and feasible strategies for organisations to address biodiversity loss by:

  • Developing a research agenda to prioritise research towards key areas in organisational Nature Positive strategies.
  • Investigating the methods used to measure positive and negative biodiversity impacts of organisations, and their implications for the design of Nature Positive strategies.
  • Understanding when and where possible actions across the Mitigation and Conservation Hierarchy could be implemented to deliver Nature Positive goals.
  • At a broader scale, looking at actions required at sectoral, national, and international levels, to ensure organisational actions contribute meaningfully towards global targets.
  • Investigate the wider driving processes that can influence action and its effectiveness.
  • Understand the likely outcomes of different actions taken by organisations, and in collaboration with the wider Integration work package team, investigate the likely environmental, economic, and social synergies and trade-offs if such strategies are scaled.

This work is conducted as part of the Oxford Nature Positive Hub.


Project outputs

    Thomas White, Talitha Bromwich, Ashley Bang, Leon Bennun, Joseph W. Bull, Michael Clark, E.J. Milner-Gulland, Graham Prescott, Malcolm Starkey, Sophus zu Ermgassen, Hollie Booth (2023). The Nature Positive Journey for Business: A research agenda to enable private sector contributions to the global biodiversity framework.. OSF Preprint.

    The 2022 Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework calls upon the private sector to take substantial action to mitigate its negative impacts on biodiversity and contribute towards nature recovery. The term ‘Nature Positive’ has gained traction in biodiversity conservation discourse to describe both a societal goal and the ambitions of individual organisations to halt and reverse nature loss. However, enabling businesses to contribute towards Nature Positive outcomes will require major shifts in the way businesses and society operate, and research that can help guide and prioritise business actions.

    As a group of researchers and consultants working at the interface between business and biodiversity, we propose a conceptual model through which private sector contributions to a Nature Positive future could be realised and use it to identify priority research questions.

    The key questions address:

    i) sectoral strategic options,

    ii) methods and approaches individual businesses can implement to inform these strategies,

    iii) systemic driving forces that influence private sector action, and

    iv) how outcomes are measured to deliver Nature Positive contributions.

    Collaborations between researchers, businesses and industry bodies are needed to co-design and implement research, where there is currently no coordinated approach to identify and fund priority research areas for Nature Positive themes. A clearly structured and prioritised research agenda is vital to guide effective, equitable and timely action by businesses.

    LCNR supported
    • Integration