Positive effects of tree diversity on tropical forest restoration in a field-scale experiment

Experiments under controlled conditions have established that ecosystem functioning is generally positively related to levels of biodiversity, but it is unclear how widespread these effects are in real-world settings and whether they can be harnessed for ecosystem restoration. We used remote-sensing data from the first decade of a long-term, field-scale tropical restoration experiment initiated in 2002 to test how the diversity of planted trees affected recovery of a 500-ha area of selectively logged forest measured using multiple sources of satellite data. Replanting using species-rich mixtures of tree seedlings with higher phylogenetic and functional diversity accelerated restoration of remotely sensed estimates of aboveground biomass, canopy cover, and leaf area index. Our results are consistent with a positive relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in the lowland dipterocarp rainforests of SE Asia and demonstrate that using diverse
mixtures of species can enhance their initial recovery after logging.

Urban grassland and verge guidelines

Why do we need to change the way we manage urban grass? Although uniformly short grass used to be seen as a sign of good management, people now are becoming more aware of the value of nature and the need for more nature-friendly management techniques. Frequent mowing removes flowers that provide nectar for bees and butterflies. It removes the eggs that butterflies lay on grass stems, crushes caterpillars and other insect larvae, and can kill or injure other wildlife such as frogs, snakes and voles. Our guidance booklet outlines Best Practice for managing these spaces.

Transforming land use governance: Global targets without equity miss the mark
Biodiversity and Artificial Intelligence. Opportunities & Recommendations for Action

The report offers actionable recommendations for how governments, NGOs, researchers and companies can use AI to support biodiversity conservation. These recommendations were developed following extensive consultation with a broad community of stakeholders

Co-productive agility and four collaborative pathways to sustainability transformations
An agenda for research and action towards diverse and just futures for life on Earth
Drier tropical forests are susceptible to functional changes in response to a longā€term drought
Long-term droughts may drive drier tropical forests towards increased functional, taxonomic and phylogenetic homogeneity
Pantropical modelling of canopy functional traits using Sentinel-2 remote sensing data
Functional susceptibility of tropical forests to climate change